Home > Deaf History > First Deaf Doctors, Scientists, Dentists, in the history

First Deaf Doctors, Scientists, Dentists, in the history

November 27, 2007


How many Deaf doctors, scientists, and dentists do we have in the world? Many! There are about six Deaf doctors living in Rochester, New York. See the story at


We are aware that we have many more “first” Deaf doctors, scientists, etc in the history. Please feel free to provide the name of Deaf people so we can keep Deaf history alive. Enjoy reading.

After graduating in 1983, Dr. Pachciarz was chief resident in pathology for five years. She completed a fellowship in transfusion medicine and blood banking, and was laboratory director of a small county laboratory. She is currently a hospital pathologist and director of the blood transfusion service at Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science in Los Angeles.


When Zazove received his M.D. in 1978, he became one of the first deaf physicians in the United States. He then completed a residency in Family Practice at the University of Utah and hung out his shingle. After eight successful years in private practice, he accepted a position at the University of Michigan Medical School.


Robert Grant Aitken, American Astronomer 1864-1951

He discovered 3,000 double star system. He wrote “Double Star Measures”. A crater on the moon is named after him.

Guillaume Amontons, French Physicist 1663-1705

One of the first scientists to study absoulte temperature. He developed some of the first barometers and thermometers.

George K. Andree, American Dentist xxxx – xxxx

He was one of first deaf persons to earn degree in the dental profession.

Raymond T. Atwood, American Bacteriologist xxxx – xxxx

He focused on the production of vitamins and antibodies.

Kreigh B. Ayers, American Chemist xxxx – xxxx

He was one of first deaf chemists hired by Goodyear in World War I.

Donald L. Ballantyne, American Professor of Experimental Surgery 1922 – xxxx

He was known authority on transplantation techniques. He was first Deaf Professor of Experimental Surgery and Director of the Microsurgical Research and Training Laboratories.

Lewis H. Babbitt, American Herpetologist xxxx – xxxx

He was a curator for the Worcester Natural History Society. He traveled and gave lectures about repitiles at schools across the nation.

Frederick A.P. Barnard, American Scientist / Educator 1809-1889

He established an astronomical observatory at University of Alabama. He was president of Columbia College

Ruth Fulton Benedict, American Anthropoligist 1887 – 1948

As an anthropologist, she studied visual aspects of culture (pottery, costumes, dance, etc) of Indian tribes.

Charles Bonnet, Swiss Naturalist 1720 – 1793

He was one of the founding fathers of modern biology. He made a great discovery of reproduction without fertilization in aphids (parthenogenesis).

Annie Jump Cannon, American Astronomer 1863 – 1941

She was the “Dean of Women Astronomers.” She classified 1/3 of a million stars.

Harold J. Conn, American Bacteriologist 1886 – 1975

He discovered that soil bacteria increassed while soil is frozen instead of decreasing as expected.

Sir John Warchup Cornforth, British Nobel Laureate in Chemistry 1917 – xxxx

His work was focus on steriod synthesis. He discovered the basic reaction for the synthesis. He solved the mystery of the nature of enzyme catalysis. He won the Nobel Prize in 1975 for his work with cholesterol.

George T. Dougherty, American Metallurgist 1860 – 1938

He was a steel chemist.

Tilly Edinger, American Paleoneurologist (formerly Johanna Gabrielle Ottelie) 1897 – 1967

She studied fossils in Germany and America. She brought two diverse areas of paleontology and neurology together.

Thomas Alva Edison, American Inventor 1847 – 1931

The greatest American inventor. His patents included the phonograph and improvements in the light bulb.

Anders Gustaf Ekeberg, Swedish Chemist 1767 – 1813

He discovered tantalum (metal) in 1802. Tantalum is #73 on the Periodic Table in chemistry.

Robert J. Farquharson, American Civil War Surgeon 1824 – 1884

He was appionted by Andrew Johnson as surgeon during the Civil War, Fourth Tennessee Infantry. He later founded the Academy of Sciences which he was President in Iowa.

Sir John Ambrose Fleming, British Electrical Scientist 1849 – 1945

He served as consultant to Thomas Edison’s company in London. He developed the rectifier (electric valve). It is known as diode vacuum tube in the United States.

John Goodricke, British Astronomer 1764 – 1786

He discovered the variation of CEPHEI and other binary stars thus laying the foundation of modern measurements of the Universe.

Wilson H. Grabill, American Statistician 1912 – 1983

He used pioneering methodoloy that help produce the first ten-year census report on in 1940.

Anthony A. Hajna, American Bacteriologist 1907 – 1992

He became one of the nation’s authoriatative scientists in enteric bacteriology. His developmenet of a medium for isolating typhoid bacteria became recognized.

Olaf Hassel, Norwegian Astronomer 1898 – 1972

He discovered the comet and a nova. The comet was named after him.

Oliver Heaviside, British Electrical Scientist 1850 – 1925

He did much work with telephone signal transmission. The Kennely-Heaviside layer in the Earth’s atmosphere is named for him.

Dr. Frank P. Hockman, American Physician 1935 – xxxx

One of the first deaf physicians in the United States.

Regina Olson Hughes, Scientific Illustrator 1895 – 1993

She illustrated many flower species that scientists collected from all over the world. She was only deaf artist to have solo exhibiton at the Smithsonian Institution. She was honored by having two different new species named for her.

Dr. David James, American Mathematician 1950 – xxxx

He is an associate professor at Howard University in Washington, D.C.

Donald J. Kidd, Canadian Geologist 1922 – 1966

He was first person to receive doctoral degree in Canada. He conducted research in geology. He was an instructor at Gallaudet College.

Alfred Kroeber, American Anthropologist

His meticulous work with Ishi, a Yahi was highlighted. His work was shown in movie called “The Last of His Tribe.” He was deaf in one ear.

Henrietta Swan Leavitt, American Astronomer 1868 – 1921

She discovered many Cepheids in the magellanic Clouds. She was considered for the Nobel Prize for her discovery of the period-luminostiy relationship but she had died of cancer.

Leo Lesquereux, American Paleobotanist 1806 – 1889

He was one of great founders of fossil botany in North America. He classified and named fossils. He described over 900 species of mosses.

James H. Logan, American Microscopist 1843 – 1917

He acquired a patent for an improvement in the microscope. He donated some species to schools as well as Gallaudet College.

James C. Marsters, American Dentist / Inventor 1924 – xxxx

His dental practice was in california. He was one of three people who worked on the development of a modem for the TTY.

Gerald M. McCarthy, American Entomologist 1858 – 1915

He was state bontanist in NC until 1893. He built a laboratory to analyze the quality of drinking water.

Thomas Meehan, American Botatanist 1826 – 1901

He was “Dean of American Horticulture.” He was honored by having a plant species named for him.

Fielding Bradford Meek, American Geologist 1817 – 1895

His discovery of fossils was exceptional.

Gideon E. Moore, American Chemist 1842 – 1895

He was well-known chemist who was willing to donate his time to make some valuable contributions to the science, especially in the line of mineral analyses.

Dr. Charles Henri Nicolle, French Nobel Laureate in Physiology and Medicine 1866 – 1936

His study of typhus outbreak led to a breakthrough in medicine. He found that body lice were carriers of the disease

Dr. Wyn Owston, British Physician (formerly Ethal Sharrad) 1919 – xxxx

She served as a doctor during World War I. She set up new clinics in North Wales. She continued to work in family planning until her retirement in 1984.

Einer Rosenkjar, American Civil Engineer xxxx – xxxx

He designed the bridges along the Pan-American route in the Canal zone during the World War II. He also designed many freeways, parkways, and bridges in Los Angles, Calilfornia.

Charlotte Angas Scott, British Mathematician
1858 – 1931

She was first deaf woman to be dean of a Mathematics department. She inspired many women in mathematics over the years.

Nansie Sharpless, American Biochemist 1932 – 1987

She broke the barrier down in workforce in chemistry for students with disabilities. She worked on long-term effects of L-Dopa treatments for Parkinson’s disease.

Dr. Helen Taussig, American Pediatric Cardiologist

She was involved with Dr. Alfred Blalock in his research with “blue babies”.

Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky, Russian Rocket Pioneer
1857 – 1935

He was the “Father of Astronautics.” He designed air ships and rockets. A crater was named after him on the moon.

Robert H. Weitbrecht, American Physicist 1920 – 1983

He was one of three people who helped to invent a telephone modem for the TTY.


Categories: Deaf History
  1. November 27, 2007 at 11:05 am

    You might want to add Dr. Edwin Nies, who was a Gallaudet graduate that became a dentist, and after retiring, became a clergyman.

  2. human
    November 27, 2007 at 1:06 pm


  3. Marlene Barkan Brown
    September 22, 2008 at 10:34 am

    I have just started a nonprofit charitable corporation to help deaf and hard of hearing children. What, in your opinion, would be the best thing I can do for deaf children who want to pursue a career in medicine or dentistry or any other career. Your help will be very much appreciated.

  4. Edgar Morales
    January 11, 2010 at 12:36 am

    Hello I am deaf Edgar Morales, graphic designers, artists painter deafness not find any friends we want to know I live in Virginia and 8 months out of work time has some connect, Thanks ….

  5. Anonymous
    September 1, 2010 at 3:33 pm

    I am not deaf, but I am looking for some information on Raymond Atwood for a science essay.

  6. Nicole
    September 12, 2011 at 11:58 am

    My dentist is Deaf… not deaf, but Deaf. Although she does lipreads, she is a part of the Deaf community and uses ASL (American Sign Language) for communication, she has no interpreter and I love her! I actually am fluent in ASL, and PSE (Pidgin Sign Language – which is more closely related to English, but is less descriptive, and not an actual language with its own structure/grammar like ASL). Anyways, she has been my Dentist since I’ve been a toddler! Gotta love her.

  7. August 8, 2012 at 1:34 am

    Awesome site you have here but I was curious about if you knew of any community forums
    that cover the same topics discussed in this article?
    I’d really love to be a part of community where I can get feed-back from other knowledgeable people that share the same interest. If you have any recommendations, please let me know. Appreciate it!

  8. Anonymous
    August 19, 2012 at 7:30 pm

    you may want to add another deaf dentist-a female with her own private practice. If you wish to have details then contact me

  9. Jarry
    April 15, 2013 at 10:02 am

    Nicole :My dentist is Deaf… not deaf, but Deaf. Although she does lipreads, she is a part of the Deaf community and uses ASL (American Sign Language) for communication, she has no interpreter and I love her! I actually am fluent in ASL, and PSE (Pidgin Sign Language – which is more closely related to English, but is less descriptive, and not an actual language with its own structure/grammar like ASL). Anyways, she has been my Dentist since I’ve been a toddler! Gotta love her.

    Hi Nicole, you forgot to mention the name of your dentist. She seems to be really successful based on your description. It would be nice to recognize it!


  10. Jarry
    April 15, 2013 at 10:05 am

    Anonymous :you may want to add another deaf dentist-a female with her own private practice. If you wish to have details then contact me

    Hi. If you don’t mind, I would like to have more information about your deaf dentist; for instance her name and her office location.

    Thank you for the post,


  1. November 27, 2007 at 9:41 am
  2. November 27, 2007 at 4:00 pm
  3. November 27, 2007 at 6:48 pm
  4. January 6, 2010 at 5:41 am
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